History Timeline for Romney Marsh
End of Ice Age
- Vast quantities of flint nodules, released from the chalk of southern England, were carried by seasonal flood waters down to what became the bed of the English Channel, ending up as shingle.
4,000 BC et seq
- Romney Marsh was a sandy bay with the sea covering the whole area
- Start of the build-up this shingle, caused by longshore drift, as a barrier at Dungeness and northwards as far as Dymchurch.
- This shingle barrier created lagoons behind it to the east, which gradually became mudflats.
- The river valleys flowing into the lagoons from the Weald high ground left deposits, creating swamps and vegetation
1,000 BC et seq
- The sea level started to rise faster than the Marsh was building up
800 BC Iron Age
- Limited habitation of Romney Marsh
- Completion of the Royal Military Canal
- Many of the taxes on imported goods were abolished, leading to a decline in smuggling
- The Ingoldsby Legends name Romney Marsh The Fifth Quarter The Fifth Continent
- John Coleman VC was killed in action at Lucknow, India, in 1858
- Over 350 Lookers' Huts on the Marsh
- First Romney Sheep exported to Australia
- Author Edith Nesbit writes The Railway Children
- 90% of Romney Marsh grazed by some 200,000 sheep
- Lydd Airport opens
- Dungeness A Power Station started power generation
- Dungeness B Power Station started power generation
- Dungeness A Power Station ceased power generation. Expected to enter 'care and maintenance' stage of decommissioning in 2027.
- Dungeness B Power Station moved into the defuelling phase.